Doberman lovers know that dogs don’t get much more loyal, smart, or energetic than the Doberman Pinscher. If you’re not familiar with the history of the Doberman, you may not know that the origin of this popular breed can be traced precisely to the person, place, and time it was created. Oh, and the Doberman was developed for a very specific purpose, too. Read on to learn more about one of the best family pets you could ask for: the Doberman Pinscher.
The Doberman was developed in 1890 by a man in Apolda, Germany named Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann. He just happened to be the town’s tax collector and he ran the local dog pound. He wanted to create a dog that would protect him as he made his rounds collecting taxes, and he conveniently had access to different dog breeds to work with.
What breeds went into the Doberman? They include the Great Dane, Greyhound, German Shorthaired Pointer, and Rottweiler.
The end result of this experiment? A dog that is famously intelligent, alert, brave, and loyal. They also have an impressively elegant and noble appearance, with distinctive brown and black markings (although other colors can occur).
The Doberman is born with a long tail and floppy ears. Traditionally, the tail is docked and the ears are cropped, making them pointed and erect, but these practices are controversial and not all dog lovers agree with them.
Bred as a protective working dog, the Doberman is highly trainable and is used today for such jobs as police and military work, search and rescue, scent tracking, and therapy/assistance jobs, including guide dogs for the blind.
Dobermans can be prone to a particular heart condition called dilated cardiomyopathy, as well as hip dysplasia and a condition called von Willebrand’s Disease, similar to hemophilia in humans. Experts recommend having your Doberman tested for certain health issues.
The Miniature Pinscher is a small dog breed that also originated in Germany. It may look like a small Doberman, but it is actually a totally separate breed, much older than the Doberman.
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